The Difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain and England Explained

The Difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain and England Explained


Welcome to the United Kingdom
(and a Whole Lot More)
explained by me, C. G. P. Grey. United Kingdom?
England?
Great Britain? Are these three the same place?
Are they different places? Do British people secretly laugh those
who use the terms incorrectly?
Who knows the answers to these questions? I do, and I’m going to tell you right now. For the lost — this is the world, this is the European continent, and this is the place we have to untangle. The area shown in purple is the United Kingdom. Part of the confusion is that the United Kingdom is not a single country, but is instead is a country of countries. It contains, inside of it —
four, co-equal, and sovereign nations. The first of these is England, shown here in red. England is often confused with the United Kingdom,
as a whole, because it’s the largest and most populous of the nations,
and contains the de facto capital city, London. To the north is Scotland, shown in blue,
and to the west is Wales, shown in white, and — often forgotten even
by those who live in the United Kingdom —
is Northern Ireland, shown in orange. Each country has a local term for the population. While you can call them all ‘British,’
it’s not recommended;
as the four countries generally don’t like each other. The Northern Irish, Scottish, and Welsh
regard the English as slave-driving, colonial masters (no matter that all three have their own, devolved, Parliaments; and are allowed to vote on English laws despite the reverse not being true), and the English generally regard the rest as rural, yokels who spend too much time with their sheep. However, as the four constituent countries
don’t have their own passports, they’re all British citizens, like it or not.
They are British citizens of the United Kingdom, whose full name, by the way, is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. So where’s Great Britain hiding? Right here, the area covered in black is Great Britain. Unlike England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, Great Britain is a geographical —
rather than a political — term. Great Britain is the largest island
among the British Isles. Within the United Kingdom,
the term ‘Great Britain’ is often used to refer to —
England, Scotland, and Wales alone — with the intentional exclusion of Northern Ireland. This is mostly, but not completely, true, as all three constituent countries have islands
that are not part of Great Britain: such as the Isle of Wight (part of England),
the Welsh Isle of Anglesey, the Scottish Hebrides, the Shetland Islands,
the Orkney Islands, and the Islands of the Clyde. The second biggest island in the British Isles is Ireland. It’s worth noting, at this point,
that Ireland is not a country; like Great Britain,
it’s a geographical — not political — term. The Island of Ireland contains, on it, two countries: Northern Ireland, which we have already discussed,
and the Republic of Ireland. When people say they are ‘Irish,’
they’re referring to the Republic of Ireland (which is a separate country from the United Kingdom). However, both the Republic of Ireland and the United Kingdom are members of the European Union — even though England, in particular, likes to
pretend that it’s an island in the mid-Atlantic, rather than 50 kilometers off the coast of France —
but that’s a story for another time. To review: the two largest islands in the British Isles
are Ireland and Great Britain. Ireland has, on it, two countries —
the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland; while Great Britain, mostly, contains three:
England, Scotland and Wales. These last three, when combined with Northern Ireland, form the United Kingdom. There are still many unanswered questions:
such as, why, when you travel to Canada, is there British royalty on the money? To answer this, we need to talk about empire. You can’t have gone to school, in the English-speaking world, without having learned that the British Empire once spanned 1/4th the world’s land
and governed nearly 1/4th the world’s people. While it’s easy to remember the parts of the
British Empire that broke away violently, we often forget how many nations gained independence through diplomacy, not bloodshed. These want-to-be nations struck a deal with the Empire: where they continued to recognize the Monarchy as the Head of State, in exchange
for a local, autonomous parliament. To understand how they are connected,
we need to talk about the Crown. Not the physical crown — that sits behind glass in the Tower of London, and earns millions of tourist pounds for the UK — but the Crown as a complicated, legal entity, best thought of as a one-man corporation. Who created this corporation? God did. According to British tradition, all power is vested in God and the Monarch is crowned in a Christian ceremony. God, however, not wanting to be bothered with micromanagement, conveniently delegates his power his power to an entity called the Crown. While this used to be the physical
crown in the Tower of London, it evolved, over time, into a legal corporation; sole able to be controlled only by the ruling monarch. It’s a useful reminder that the United Kingdom is still, technically, a theocracy: with the reigning monarch acting as both the Head of State and the Supreme Governor of the official state religion: Anglicanism. Such are the oddities that arise when dealing with a thousand year-old Monarchy. Back to Canada and the rest. The former colonies that gained their independence through diplomacy, and continue to recognize
the authority of the Crown, are known as the Commonwealth Realm.
They are, in decreasing order of population: Canada, Australia, Papua New Guinea, New Zealand, Jamaica, the Solomon Islands, Belize, the Bahamas, Barbados, Saint Lucia,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Antigua and Barbuda, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Tuvalu. All are independent nations, but still recognize the Monarchy as the Head of State (even though it has little
real power within their borders). There are three further entities that belong to the Crown, and these are the Crown Dependencies:
the Isle of Man, Jersey, and Guernsey. Unlike the Commonwealth Realm, they are not considered independent nations, but are granted local autonomy by the Crown, and a British Citizenship by the United Kingdom (though, the UK does reserve the right to over-rule
the laws of their local assemblies). Are we all done 𝘯𝘰𝘸?
Almost, but not quite; there are still a couple of loose threads,
such as this place: the tiny city of Gibraltar on the southern coast of Spain. Famous for its rock,
its monkeys, and for causing diplomatic
tension between the United Kingdom and Spain. But what about the Falkland Islands:
which caused so much tension between the United Kingdom and Argentina, that they went to war over them. These places belong in the last group of Crown properties known as: British Overseas Territories, but their former name,
‘Crown Colonies,’ gives away their origin. They are the last vestiges of the British Empire.
Unlike the Commonwealth Realm, they have not become independent nations and continue to rely on the United Kingdom for military and, sometimes, economic assistance. Like the Crown Dependencies, everyone born within their borders is a British citizen. The Crown Colonies are,
in decreasing order of population: Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, the Turks and Caicos Islands, Gibraltar, the British Virgin Islands,
Akrotiri and Dhekelia, Anguilla, Saint Helena, the Ascension Islands, Tristan da Cunha, Montserrat, the British Indian Ocean Territory,
the South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, the Falkland Islands, the British Antarctic Territory,
and the Pitcairn Islands. For our final Venn diagram: the United Kingdom is a country situated
on the British Isles and is part of the Crown,
which is controlled by the Monarchy. Also part of the Crown and the British Isles are the Crown Dependencies. The independent nations of the former Empire that still recognize the Crown are the Commonwealth Realm, and the non-independent remnants of the former Empire and are the British Overseas Territories. Thank you very much for watching!

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    Akhtar Zaidi

    You should've made this video more beautiful if ur briefings couldn't had been in that much fast pace of description delivered, but any how it's good one.
    Thanks

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    John Nicolson

    This is a turning point for Britain it won't be called the United Kingdom anymore as Scotland will soon be Independent, N Ireland will soon join Ireland so Wales and England will have to be called rUK (rest of the UK) or little Britain.

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    Andrew Smith

    You missed out the fact that a substantial minority of people from NI self-identify as Irish & have Irish citizenship. You ignored that all of Ireland used to be in the UK, the partition of Ireland, Southern Ireland breaking away & becoming the Irish Free State, now the ROI.

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    Abhijeet mane

    Uk or england look after 50 years indians and pakistani are gonna dominate uk and british people are gonna shift to usa because of good immigration policy

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    Doubbiguy

    Me before watching this video: "Let's see if there's something to learn here"

    Me after the video: "Okay. I need to recheck this on regular basis to really learn it all"

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    akirameta

    Even shorter: England= England, Scotland and Republic of Ireland. GB= England. UK= England, the EU and the former british colonies.

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    Peter 99

    Really, it’s what people want to make of our regional differences in the U.K. In my travels about people have always been friendly.

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    all are equal

    I certainly do NOT regard the English as our masters 🤣🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🇮🇪.
    My family fought with The Black Douglas, Bruce & as Irish Volunteers in the Easter Rising.

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    Anthony Lecesne

    Sir, I really like this video: you got right to the point, explained it and — out. Very good. I wish all videos were like this; the others tell you what they are going to tell you, then spend a lot of time talking about everything except the subject of the video. This is great! Thank you very much!

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    Joe Bakhachie

    You got to bring your attention 100% to fully understand the video. otherwise, you may lose some Islands.

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    Wayne Pavy

    Get of the crack dickhead. Come back and try again, this video has great potential. If only we could understand you.

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    Zach Paterson

    Surely the crown has in theory absolute power in the Commonwealth realms, just like in the U.K but would just never use it

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    theshagger2012 oneleg

    all you need to know is that the english are land thieves oppressors racist bigots who decided long ago that they were not content with what they had and the need to control other human beings was and still is the core of their belief system,thry learned what it was to be an oppressive force from the romans and took it to a level the world had never seen and would not see again in world history,never has a small group of people controlled so much of the worlds land mass,and this was from a nation who lived on an island in the north atlantic and had to sail to carry out their murder and rape,it may be 4 countries on paper and it may call its self the united kingdom but their is nothing united about it its like 4 people living together in a huge mansion with everybody giving their paychecks to the one who has the biggest bedroom who then decides how much of the money you will get back to live on you having no say in how your money will be spent even if you totally disagree and it is detramental to your life,its why i left Scotland in 1980 they still have a fucking monarchy

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    pjbmo

    Only the most stupid of morons would believe that God granted those murderous so called " Royal" cunts any authority at all.

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    spy8464BB

    What is the point ? Could have been good but unfortunately easily one of the worst videos I have watched. Too fast

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    Iluvantir

    Aaannd I thought the US government was complicated.
    I love being British. I need a good, stiff cuppa tea now to help digest all that.
    Well done! Nicely put together. One amendment now needed… we're NOT part of the EU… so that adds yet another layer of joy as the RoI is part… oh boy, two cups of tea…

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    Sehyeon Kim

    your videos are litterally 60 percent of my interests.
    tech, history, space, economy, animal, philosophy, and a lot more. you are really amazing.

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    Joseph Pruett

    So all in all, it’s a couple islands who act like they’re in the middle of nowhere, that are a “united” country of countries who hates each other’s guts, are called the same demonym, and consider just about every tiny island on Earth to be theirs. Or at least that’s what I got out of this two hour long documentary someone sped up to five minutes.

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    Duarua Tolu

    Difference: UK included countries that were not invaders. britain and england were looters. They are being looted now. 'The meek shall inherit the land'.

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    Jackson Taylor

    Love it. Thank you. I’ve toured Europe a dozen times and never understood any of this. Love the pace. 🙏🙏🙏

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    Andy English

    You talk crap,we all like each other,but what most people dont understand is the great banter between us all.to outsiders it sounds offensive,so probably why you dont understand

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