City Works Premiere Episode | City Works

City Works Premiere Episode | City Works


♪ [THEME MUSIC] ♪>>HELLO. I AM LAURA FLANDERS, AND THIS IS THE PREMIER BROADCAST OF “CITY WORKS,” A COLLABORATION WITH THE CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK SCHOOL OF LABOR AND URBAN STUDIES AND CUNY TV. IN EVERY CORNER OF THE CITY, PEOPLE WORK. ROADS ARE BUILT AND REPAIRED, SEWERS HOOKED UP, GOODS ARE SOLD, THE SICK ARE CARED FOR. AND ALL OF THAT IS DONE BY PEOPLE. NEW JOBS EVOLVE EVERYDAY, IN WEB DESIGN, OVERNIGHT FREIGHT, EVEN IN THE GROCERY STORE AND DELIVERING BOOKS, SAME DAY, TO YOUR DOOR. PEOPLE WORK DAYS AND NIGHTS IN THE CITY THAT NEVER SLEEPS. IT ALL GETS DONE BECAUSE PEOPLE WORK, HARD. “CITY WORKS” HONORS THAT WORK AND THE PEOPLE WHO DO IT, RIGHT HERE IN NEW YORK. THE SHOW IS ALSO ABOUT THE CHALLENGES THAT WORKING PEOPLE FACE ON THE JOB AND IN THEIR COMMUNITIES. WE WILL BE LOOKING AT THE ISSUES, TRENDS, POLICIES, PRACTICES, AND CONTROVERSIES THAT AFFECT EVERDAY NEW YORKERS. TO GET US STARTED LET US TALK ABOUT THAT CONTROVERSIAL WORD, GIG. GIGS ARE STILL JOBS, AND THE GIG ECONOMY HAS SOME OF THE SAME OPPORTUNITIES AND CHALLENGES THAT EXIST IN EVERY OTHER KIND. FOR THE RECORD, THE GIG ECONOMY GOES BY MANY NAMES; THE SHARING ECONOMY, ON-DEMAND, PEER OR PLATFORM ECONOMY. A GIG WORKER IS EMPLOYED IN A FREELANCE CAPACITY, NOT ON ANYONE’S PAYROLL OR AS A PART-TIME EMPLOYEE, WHICH BRINGS FLEXIBILITY, BUT THEY DO NOT ENJOY A LOT OF SECURITY. WHATEVER YOUR OPINION, THE GIG ECONOMY IS BOOMING. HERE IS DEMETRIA IRWIN WITH OUR STORY.>>MY NAME IS ANDREW CAMPBELL, I INITIALLY BECAME AN APP DRIVER WHEN I STILL HAD A REAL JOB. ♪>>AT 27, ANDREW DRIVES HIS CAR WHEN AN APP LETS HIM KNOW HE HAS A CLIENT.>>A LOT OF THE GIG ECONOMY WORK I DO IS MOSTLY THROUGH UBER. A LOT OF PEOPLE DO BOTH UBER AND LYFT. 90% OF THE DRIVERS DO BOTH.>>HE HAS JOINED THE LEGION OF WORKERS AND THE GIG ECONOMY. A STUDY FOUND THAT ONE IN THREE NEW YORK CITY RESIDENTS MAKES MONEY FROM GIGS, CONTRIBUTING MORE THAN $30 BILLION ANNUALLY TO THE CITY’S ECONOMY.>>I ENJOY THE FREEDOM OF IT. I CAN DECIDE LIKE TONIGHT I WILL PROBABLY DRIVE LATE BECAUSE IT IS A FRIDAY NIGHT AND PEOPLE WILL BE OUT LATE. THERE IS A LOT OF FLEXIBILITY INVOLVED.>>COMPANIES ENJOY THE FREEDOM, FREEDOM FROM THE COST OF A WORKFORCE WITH PAYROLL TAXES AND BENEFITS, STARTUPS HAVE COUNTED ON THE STREAMLINE THAT IS A GIG WORKFORCE TO GET UP AND GOING. ACCORDING TO THE FORMER LABOR SECRETARY ROBERT REICH, CORPORATIONS SAVE 30% ON A GIG WORKER. HOW HAS ANDREW COME TO SEE IT?>>INCOME STABILITY VERSUS INSTABILITY, IN THIS GIG ECONOMY, IT IS MOSTLY UNSTABLE. I DO NOT LIKE TO THINK ABOUT, WHAT IF I GOT THE FLU FOR THREE WEEKS?>>ONE THING IS FOR CERTAIN, DRIVERS HAVE COME TO RESPECT THE HARD WORK THAT TRADITIONAL CABDRIVERS PUT IN EACH DAY.>>I WAS ABSOLUTELY TERRIFIED THE FIRST TIME I DROVE INTO MANHATTAN OR THE BRONX. I THOUGHT, WHAT AM I GOING TO DO? THIS IS CRAZY. THERE IS SO MUCH TRAFFIC. ♪>>I WALK DOGS WITH BARKLY PETS, WHICH IS AN APP. I AM A APP DOG WALKER.>>ANOTHER NEW YORKER WHOSE WORK ASSIGNMENTS ARRIVE VIA AN APP, ON AN IPHONE. MORGAN IS THANKFUL.>>IF IT WAS NOT FOR DOG WALKING I WOULD NOT HAVE PAID MY FIRST MONTH’S RENT. I HAVE ANOTHER PART-TIME JOB. SINCE I AM DOING ACTING AND I AM IN SCHOOL, IT IS REALLY FLEXIBLE.>>WHAT YOU HEAR IS THAT A GIG SUPPORTS A HOLDING PATTERN, MONEY TO GET BY, A LIFE AND DEVELOPMENT.>>I WANT TO BE AN ACTOR, AND MY ULTIMATE GOAL WOULD BE TO WRITE A MOVIE AND STAR IN IT. ♪>>ALEXIS FLAKES, NATIVE OF MICHIGAN AND HOWARD UNIVERSITY GRADUATE HAS CALLED NEW YORK HOME FOR 10 YEARS. SHE JUGGLES MULTIPLE JOBS.>>I AM A DIGITAL VIDEO PRODUCER, EDITOR, AND HOST, AND THAT TAKES MOST OF MY TIME. I AM ALSO A TEACHER AND I DESIGN AND HANDCRAFT EARRINGS.>>VIDEO EDITING, JEWELRY DESIGN AND YOGA INSTRUCTION ALL MADE POSSIBLE WHERE GIGS ARE SCHEDULED AND COMPENSATION IS PAID ONLINE. THEY ARE BEHOLDEN TO ONLINE RATINGS, THE HARDEST THING, EXPLAINING IT TO PARENTS.>>THERE WAS A LOT OF CONFUSION. EVERY SUNDAY IT WAS LIKE, WHY DO YOU NOT HAVE A REAL JOB YET?>>MEANWHILE, A REAL JOB IS SOUNDING BETTER AND BETTER TO ANDREW.>>I HAD A FULL-TIME POSITION BEFORE I WAS DOING EXCLUSIVELY GIG WORK, AND I MISS HAVING A REAL THING, A COMMUTE 9-TO-5 AND FILE FOR SICK LEAVE BECAUSE THAT IS A BETTER OPTION.>>ALEXIS HAS SOMETHING ELSE. SHE SEES A SECURE JOB WITH BENEFITS AND — IN STARK CONTRAST TO HER DREAMS.>>I THINK IT IS IMPORTANT TO REALLY TAKE TIME TO DREAM, AND THINK ABOUT WHAT MAKES YOU HAPPY AND WHAT MAKES YOU COME ALIVE INSIDE, AND SPEND TIME AND DEDICATE ENERGY. AND, SEE WHAT THE UNIVERSE WILL DO AND HOW IT WILL CONSPIRE TO MAKE YOUR DREAMS REALITY.>>GIG WORKERS HAVE TO MAKE IT WORK, DAY BY DAY AND HOUR-BY-HOUR. IS THE GIG ECONOMY SUSTAINABLE? WE WILL SEE. ♪>>NAIL SALONS HAVE PROLIFERATED IN NEW YORK AND TODAY NUMBER IN THE THOUSANDS. THAT HAS MADE THE PRICE OF MANICURES CHEAPER THAN ANYWHERE ELSE IN THE COUNTRY. CHEAP PRICES ALSO MEAN LOW WAGES AND UNTIL NOW, NO UNION. HERE IS OUR STORY ABOUT A NAIL SALON WORKER. YANELIA RAMIREZ.>>CONCENTRATION, A STEADY HAND, PROFESSIONAL TECHNIQUE, IT IS HARD WORK. SUCH IS THE LIFE OF NAIL SALON WORKERS. WALK THROUGH ANY NEW YORK CITY NEIGHBORHOOD, AND YOU ARE BOUND TO FIND A NAIL SALON WITH A DOZEN WORKSTATIONS THAT TRANSLATES INTO A LARGE WORKFORCE. MEET YANELIA RAMIREZ, 14 YEARS ON THE JOB. SHE LIVES AND WORKS IN THE BRONX. HER EMPLOYMENT HELP SUPPORT HER FIVE CHILDREN. THERE ARE 3000 NAIL SALON WORKERS IN NEW YORK CITY. FOR THEM THE WAGES ARE THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN POVERTY AND GETTING BY. JUST GETTING BY.>>[SPEAKING SPANISH]>>FILING, MANICURES, AND PEDICURES, MISTAKES CAN LEAD TO INJURIES. THERE IS MORE.>>[SPEAKING SPANISH]>>LUIS GOMEZ IS A UNION ORGANIZER AT WORKERS UNITED.>>WE ARE TALKING ABOUT AN INDUSTRY OF 35,000 WORKERS IN NEW YORK STATE, WORKERS THAT ARE PRIMARILY NEW IMMIGRANTS INTO THIS COUNTRY. KOREAN, CHINESE, NEPALI WORKERS, MEXICO, ECUADOR, AND ALL OVER. IT IS A WORKFORCE THAT IS SUPER DIVERSE.>>THANKS TO LUIS GOMEZ, OTHER ORGANIZERS, AND COMMUNITY SUPPORT, THE STORY OF THE EXPLOITATION OF NAIL SALON WORKERS BEGAN TO SURFACE.>>WE WERE HEARING STORIES OF WAGE THEFT, WORKING OVER 10 HOUR SHIFTS AND EARNING ANYTHING FROM 30, 40, TO $60 A DAY. THIS WAS FOR THE ENTIRE WEEK WITH LESS THAN $350. THAT WAS SOMETHING THAT WE THOUGHT WAS A MAJOR ISSUE THAT WE NEEDED TO ADDRESS. WE ALSO HEARD OF ISSUES OF THE HEALTH AND SAFETY, WHERE WORKERS WERE NOT BEING PROVIDED THE PROPER HEALTH AND SAFETY EQUIPMENT. THEY WERE NOT BEING PROVIDED THE PROPER TRAINING TO KNOW EXACTLY THE DANGERS OF WORKING IN THIS INDUSTRY. YOU HAVE CHEMICALS THAT ARE BEING TALKED ABOUT THAT ARE LEADING TO CANCER.>>THAT CANCER IS TIED TO A SO-CALLED TOXIC TRIO: FORMALDEHYDE, TOLUENE, AND DIBUTYL PHTHALATE. REPEAT EXPOSURE TO WHICH CAN MAKE YOU VERY SICK. FORMALDEHYDE HAS BEEN LINKED TO LUNG CANCER. THE OTHER TWO HAVE BEEN TIED TO REPRODUCTIVE PROBLEMS AND ARE BANNED IN EUROPE. WAGE THEFT, CHEMICAL EXPOSURE, CANCER, AGAINST THIS BACKDROP, NAIL SALON WORKERS FORMED THE NEW YORK NAIL SALON WORKERS ASSOCIATION IN 2016. TODAY THERE ARE 800 MEMBERS.>>[SPEAKING SPANISH]>>DESPITE INTIMIDATION AND FIRINGS, THE NUMBER OF WORKERS JOINING THE ASSOCIATION IS GROWING. HERE AT A KNOW YOUR RIGHTS SESSION, WORKERS ARE LEARNING ABOUT HEALTH AND SAFETY ON THE JOB.>>[SPEAKING SPANISH]>>[SPEAKING SPANISH]>>WE ARE SEEING A LOT OF DIFFERENT THINGS HAPPEN INDIVIDUALLY IN THE DIFFERENT SALONS. IN REALITY WHAT WE NEED IS INDUSTRYWIDE. WE ARE TALKING ABOUT A WORKFORCE PRIMARILY IMMIGRANT WOMEN, MANY OF THEM SINGLE MOTHERS. FOR ME, IT IS AN ISSUE OF ECONOMIC AND RACIAL JUSTICE.>>[SPEAKING SPANISH]>>I DO NOT HAVE A MANICURE, BUT SOMETIMES I DO. SO WHAT CAN THOSE OF US WHO GO IN FOR MANICURES AND PEDICURES DO TO HELP THESE WOMEN WORKERS?>>YOU CAN TIP, BUT NO ONE WANTS TO RELY ON TIPS, WHAT THEY WANT IS A LIVABLE WAGE, AND THAT IS THE GOAL.>>TIP WELL AND WORK HARDER FOR LIVING WAGES FOR SALON WORKERS. THANKS FOR YOUR REPORT. TOWARDS THE END OF THE LAST CENTURY, AMERICAN COMMENTATORS WARNED THAT THE TWO DEFINING PLAYERS IN THE AMERICAN ECONOMY WOULD HAVE A HARD TIME ADAPTING, TO THE NEW CENTURY. BIG BUSINESS AND BIG LABOR. YOU ONLY HAVE TO LOOK AT THE STAGNATION OF WAGES TO SEE THAT ONE HAS ADAPTED MORE QUICKLY TO NEW CONDITIONS THAN THE OTHER. CAN UNIONS CATCH UP, CAN LABOR, CAN WORKERS? LONG TIME NEW YORK TIMES REPORTER STEVEN GREENHOUSE TRACES THE UPS AND DOWNS IN A NEW BOOK CALLED “BEATEN DOWN, WORKED UP: THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE OF AMERICAN LABOR.” IT IS JUST OUT. HERE TO TALK ABOUT IT IS STEVEN HIMSELF. GLAD TO HAVE YOU. UPS AND DOWNS, ARE WE ON AN UP OR A DOWN?>>GENERALLY ON A DOWN, BUT LAST YEAR WITH ALL THESE TEACHER STRIKES, HOTEL STRIKE, AND BIG STOP & SHOP STRIKE IN NEW ENGLAND, THINGS ARE LOOKING SOMEWHAT UP. MORE BROADLY, AS I PUT IN THE BOOK, THINGS ARE BAD FOR UNIONS AND WORKERS IN UNITED STATES.>>IT IS SUPPOSED TO BE THE MORE THAT WE PRODUCE, THE MORE HOURS WE PUT IN, THE MORE WAGES GO UP, BUT THAT HAS NOT BEEN HAPPENING. WHEN WE GET MORE TECHNOLOGY WE GET MORE LEISURE, BUT THAT HAS NOT BEEN HAPPENING. WHAT HAS BEEN HAPPENING?>>ONE OF THE MAIN POINTS I MAKE IS THAT WORKER POWER IN THE UNITED STATES IS AT ITS LOWEST LEVEL CERTAINLY SINCE WORLD WAR II. UNIONS AND WORKER POWER IN THE UNITED STATES IS LOWER THAN IN MOST OTHER ADVANCED INDUSTRIAL NATIONS, AND CORPORATIONS ARE REALLY ABLE TO PUSH AROUND WORKERS. WORKERS AND UNIONS — UNIONS REPRESENT 6.4% OF THE WORKERS IN THE PRIVATE SECTOR. 1 IN 16 — 1 IN 3 FROM ITS PEAK. WHEN UNIONS ARE WEAKER, IT IS HARD TO DEMAND WAGE INCREASES. WE ARE SEEING, RECORD PROFITS FOR BUSINESS AND WALL STREET KEEPS HITTING RECORDS AND YET WORKERS CAN HARDLY GET RAISES. ONE OF THE BIG POINTS I MAKE IS THAT SOMETHING NEEDS TO BE DONE TO REVERSE THIS DECLINE IN WORKER POWER, BECAUSE UNLESS WE DO SOMETHING ABOUT THAT INCOME INEQUALITY WILL BE WORSE. WE WILL SEE MORE WAGE STAGNATION, AND CORPORATIONS AND THE 1% WILL CONTINUE TO HAVE TRULY UNDUE SWAY OVER POLITICS AND POLICYMAKING. THERE IS A LOT OF TALK ABOUT AMERICAN EXCEPTIONALISM, BUT FAR TOO LITTLE TALK ABOUT ANTI-WORK EXCEPTIONALISM. THE U.S. IS THE ONLY INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRY WITH NO PAID MATERNITY LEAVE. ONLY SURINAME AND PAPUA NEW GUINEA AND A FEW PACIFIC ISLANDS ARE THE ONLY OTHER COUNTRIES THAT DO NOT HAVE PAID MATERNITY LEAVE. THE UNITED STATES IS THE ONLY INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRY THAT DOES NOT HAVE UNIVERSAL HEALTH COVERAGE, WHERE YOU LOSE YOUR JOB, YOU LOSE YOUR HEALTH COVERAGE.>>THERE IS NO OTHER INDUSTRIAL COUNTRY THAT FIGHTS AS HARD AS CORPORATE AMERICA DOES AGAINST UNION FORMATION. WE ARE SEEING EXTRAORDINARY STRIDES IN SURPRISING PLACES. TALK ABOUT THE FUTURE, WHERE DO YOU SEE OPTIMISM?>>THE TEACHER STRIKES WERE A GREAT EXAMPLE OF WHEN YOU KICK AROUND WORKERS BADLY, WEST VIRGINIA, OKLAHOMA, AND ARIZONA, I HAVE SOME OF THE L.A. TEACHER STRIKE AS WELL — IF YOU KICK THEM AROUND BADLY ENOUGH, THEY ARE GOING TO SAY WE ARE NOT GOING TO TAKE IT AND THEN YOU HAVE THESE TREMENDOUS STRIKES WITH 50,000 TEACHERS AND THEY WON. THOSE STRIKES, MORE THAN ANY IN A DECADE OR TWO GOT A TON OF MEDIA ATTENTION. THEY OPENED UP A LOT OF PEOPLE EYES ABOUT WHAT UNIONS CAN ACHIEVE AND MADE PEOPLE MORE SYMPATHETIC TO UNIONS. I MENTIONED THIS BIG HOTEL STRIKE AGAINST MARRIOTT, BY UNITE HERE, WHICH IS ONE OF THE MOST EFFECTIVE UNIONS REPRESENTING HOTEL WORKERS. THEY MADE MAJOR GAINS. THE STOP &SHOP STRIKE, THAT MADE SURPRISING GAINS. PEOPLE TELL ME THERE WAS HUGE SOLIDARITY FOR THE GROCERY STRIKERS. SOMETHING IS GOING ON. BUT THAT DOES NOT MEAN THAT MANAGEMENT CONTINUES TO FIGHT HARD AGAINST UNIONS.>>YOU HAD A NUMBER OF ALMOST 5000 STRIKES IN THE YEAR 1946 AND MAYBE SOME OF THEM FAILED. THE MOMENTUM AND THE MASS OF ACTION AFFECTED THE CLIMATE. IS THE CLIMATE SHIFTING TODAY?>>IN 1946, THERE WAS A WAGE FREEZE DURING WORLD WAR II AND WORKERS WERE VERY PISSED OFF AND THEN THERE WERE VERY MASSIVE STRIKES. WHAT WE SAW WITH THE TEACHERS, HOTEL, AND GROCERY WORKERS — THERE IS A GROWING MILITANCY, BUT IT IS NOT — IT DOES NOT BEGIN TO BE LIKE 1946. WAGES ARE PICKING UP A LITTLE. IF THE ECONOMY FALLS IN THE TOILET IN THE NEXT YEAR OR TWO, WORKERS ARE GOING TO BE UPSET THAT THEY DID NOT GET THEIR FAIR SHARE OF THE GAINS, AND THE LONGEST TENURE EXPANSION IN AMERICAN HISTORY.>>I THINK THEY ARE UPSET EVEN BEFORE WE FALL INTO THE TOILET. [LAUGHTER]>>YES.>>THANK YOU SO MUCH, IT IS A PLEASURE. THE BOOK IS “BEATEN DOWN, WORKED UP: THE PAST, PRESENT, AND FUTURE OF AMERICAN LABOR.” FIND IT AT YOUR LOCAL INDEPENDENT BOOKSELLER.>>THE CUNY SCHOOL OF LABOR AND URBAN STUDIES IS THE 25TH AND NEWEST SCHOOL UNDER THE CUNY UMBRELLA, DEDICATED TO PUBLIC SERVICE AND SOCIAL JUSTICE. IT OFFERS UNDERGRADUATE AND GRADUATE DEGREES IN THE AREAS OF LABOR STUDIES AND URBAN STUDIES, AND CERTIFICATE PROGRAMS IN LABOR RELATIONS, PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AND POLICY. HEALTH CARE POLICY AND ADMINISTRATION, AND COMMUNITY LEADERSHIP. WE PRIDE OURSELVES ON BEING AN INSTITUTION THAT BRINGS TOGETHER ACTIVISTS AND ACADEMICS. FIND OUT MORE AT SLU.CUNY.EDU.>>”CITY WORKS” CELEBRATES THE WORKING PEOPLE OF NEW YORK LIKE YOUR LOCAL BLACKSMITH. DO NOT HAVE A BLACKSMITH? THINK IT IS JUST A RELIC? NOT AT ALL. JUST ASK LARRY HAGBERG. ♪>>THE TRADITION OF BLACKSMITHING IS 3000 YEARS OLD. EVERY TOOL THAT ANY TRADESMEN EVER USED TO MAKE — TO APPLY THEIR TRADE HAD TO BE MADE BY A BLACKSMITH. THIS FORGE AND ANVIL, AND THIS HAMMER CAN PRODUCE ITEMS THAT WILL TAKE $200,000 WORTH OF MACHINERY TO DO. WHEN YOU’RE A BLACKSMITH AND YOU DRIVE AROUND THE CITY, YOU CAN SEE ALL OF THE ARCHITECTURE AND THE IRONWORK FROM THE PEOPLE WHO HAVE COME BEFORE YOU AND I CAN RELATE TO IT. I CAN LOOK AT SOMETHING AND SEE IF IT WAS HAND FORGED OR MADE BY A MACHINE. LOOK AT ALL THE BIG BUILDINGS, THERE IS BLACKSMITH WORK IN EVERY ONE OF THEM. ALL OF THE BLACKSMITHS IN NEW YORK CITY BELONG TO LOCAL 5. THE GOOD THING ABOUT THE UNION IS THE EXPERIENCE THAT THE MEN HAVE, LIKE ALL THE BLACKSMITHS THAT I WORK WITH, FOURTH OR FIFTH GENERATIONS. THE REAL DEAL. YOU CANNOT GET THAT KNOWLEDGEBASE ANYWHERE ELSE, EXCEPT FROM PEOPLE WHO HAVE BEEN IN IT. AND USUALLY UNION GUYS ARE IN IT. [HAMMERING] WHEN I WAS A KID I USED TO GO UPSTATE TO A DUDE RANCH. I BECAME FRIENDS WITH THE BLACKSMITH WHO USED TO SHOE THE HORSES. I SAID IT LOOKED LIKE FUN. IT WAS NOT. I DID IT FOR 15 YEARS BECAUSE I HAD TO. AND I HAD AN OPPORTUNITY TO WORK WITH THE PARKS DEPARTMENT, THE BEST OPPORTUNITY IN MY LIFE, I AM GLAD I TOOK IT. I HAVE BEEN LEARNING EVER SINCE. WE HAVE A LOT OF DOG RUNS IN THE CITY, SO DOG URINE PLAYS HAVOC WITH THE GRILLS AND GRADINGS. NOW I TAKE AN OLD WINDOW GUARD, WE DON’T THROW ANYTHING AWAY. I HAVE THE REST OF IT OVER HERE. WE EVEN CUT A BIG ONE OUT. I REMEMBER THIS BIG ONE, THIS WENT TO WASHINGTON SQUARE PARK. SO I MAKE TWO OF THOSE, GRIND IT SMOOTH. DOGS WILL NOT HURT THEIR FEET. ONE OF THE BLACKSMITHS TOLD ME IF YOU ARE FRIENDS WITH THE FIRE, IT WILL NEVER BURN YOU. HE LIED. THE FIRE HAS NO FRIENDS, IT WILL BURN EVERYBODY. WHEN YOU PUT A PIECE OF STEEL IN THE FIRE, IT BECOMES SOFT. TRY TO DO THIS WHEN THE STEEL IS COLD OFF THE RACK, YOU CANNOT DO IT. THE STEEL MAKES IT PLASTIC SO YOU CAN MOVE IT LIKE PUTTY, AND A HAMMER MOVES IT IN THE DIRECTION I WANT TO MOVE IN. IF I TOLD YOU I WOULD MAKE A KEY, AND I HAD A PIECE OF FLAT STOCK, YOU WOULD NOT SEE IT. I COULD, AND THE HAMMER KNOWS THE WAY TO THE KEY. EVERY HIT MEANS SOMETHING. WHEN I’M GOING LIKE THIS, — [HAMMERING] YOU ARE FOCUSING ON THE PIECE, AND THINKING ABOUT WHERE YOUR NEXT BLOW WILL LAND. AND THEN IT GOES OVER, YOU LAND TO THE BLOW, MOVE IT OVER, AND YOU KEEP YOUR RHYTHM. I DO NOT KNOW WHO SAID IT, YEARS AGO THEY SAY A MAN WHO DOES WHAT HE LOVES TO DO FOR A LIVING NEVER HAS TO WORK A DAY IN HIS LIFE. I HAVE BEEN HERE 26 YEARS AND I DO NOT FEEL LIKE I HAVE BEEN WORKING FOR 26 YEARS. EVEN THOUGH IT IS HARD, HOT, AND GRUELING, I LOVE EVERY BEAT OF THE HAMMER.>>WE LOVE PEOPLE LIKE LARRY HAGBERG WHO IS BEHIND THE SCENES WORK IS AN INTEGRAL PART OF THE CITY’S INFRASTRUCTURE. OTHER PEOPLE’S WORK IS MORE APPARENT, LIKE THE MUSICIANS WHO PERFORM ON THE STREETS AND SUBWAYS, AND ON THE SUBWAY PLATFORMS. THEY ARE AMONGST THE CITY’S HARDEST WORKERS, AND THEY DON’T EXPECT MUCH — MAYBE SOME OF YOUR ATTENTION, IDEALLY A FEW DOLLARS. SOME MANAGE TO MAKE AN IMPACT, EVEN A SMALL LIVING. “CITY WORKS” CAUGHT UP WITH THE ROBERT ANDERSON JAZZ BAND ON THE JOB UNDERNEATH GRAND CENTRAL. ♪>>I HAVE BEEN DOING THIS FOR 30 SOME ODD YEARS, WHERE I MADE IT FROM THE SUBWAY. I BECAME FAMOUS FROM THE SUBWAY. I BECAME A FAMOUS BASS PLAYER FOR R&B GROUPS AND WE WOULD TRAVEL ALL OVER THE WORLD. MY NAME IS ROBERT ANDERSON AND I PERFORM IN THE SUBWAY BECAUSE IT IS AN OUTLET TO CHILDREN, OLD PEOPLE, YOUNG PEOPLE, EVERYBODY GETS A CHANCE TO HEAR YOU IN THE SUBWAY. THERE IS NO DISCRIMINATION, JUST THE MUSIC. THAT IS WHY I PLAY OUT HERE, MAINLY FOR THE CHILDREN THOUGH.>>MY NAME IS BRIAN MCKENZIE, I AM A TRUMPET PLAYER, AND ONE OF MY FAVORITE STATIONS IS ROCKEFELLER CENTER. WE HAVE AN APPRECIATIVE CROWD, AND IT IS A NICE STATION TO PLAY IN. IT CAN BE UNBEARABLE DURING THE SUMMER MONTHS, BUT DURING THE WINTER IT IS A JOY BECAUSE IT IS HEATED. THIS IS A HUSTLE. YOU DO NOT TELL PEOPLE I WILL PLAY MUSIC FOR YOU AND GIVE ME SOME MONEY. YOU DO NOT DO THAT. YOU COME OUT HERE AND GIVE WITH YOUR HEART. IF YOU GET WITH YOUR HEART, IT WILL GO TO THE HEART.>>I ALWAYS LOVE IT WHEN PEOPLE GIVE THEIR TIME TO SHOW THEIR CREATIVITY, AND EXPRESS THEIR MUSIC, AND IT GIVES EVERYONE A SMILE WHEN THEY ARE WALKING BY. — WALKING BY. THE LEAST I CAN DO IS GIVE SOMETHING BACK TO THEM. AND LISTEN AND TAKE THE TIME TO NOTICE THAT THEY –>>MAKING A LIVING AS A MUSICIAN IS A HARD THING, BECAUSE THE CLIMATE HAS CHANGED IN NEW YORK, A LOT. 40 YEARS AGO, 30 YEARS AGO YOU HAD CLUBS WHERE YOU COULD GO AND MAKE A HALF DECENT LIVING. 50 YEARS AGO WAS BETTER. 60 YEARS AGO WAS EVEN BETTER. YOU REACH EVERYBODY IN THE SUBWAYS.>>WE HOPE YOU HAVE ENJOYED OUR FIRST PROGRAM. WE ARE AIMING HIGH IN A MEDIA ENVIRONMENT THAT DOES NOT PAY MUCH ATTENTION TO WORKERS. WE WANT TO PAY A LOT OF ATTENTION TO THE PEOPLE AND REALITY OF OUR WORKING LIVES. GOT A STORY OR QUESTION, BE IN TOUCH. YOU CAN HIT US UP VIA EMAIL AT [email protected] I’M LAURA FLANDERS. THANKS FOR WATCHING. ♪ [THEME MUSIC] ♪

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