CIA Overview

CIA Overview


The Central Intelligence Agency. America’s
premier foreign intelligence agency. For more than sixty years the CIA has been at the forefront of securing the United States by providing America’s policy makers with
the intelligence they need to make informed decisions The history of America’s foreign intelligence gathering reaches back to the days of George Washington but it wasn’t until World War Two that the United States’ foreign intelligence
activities were coordinated government-wide. The CIA’s forerunner the Office of Strategic Services or OSS was created in nineteen forty two the men and women of the OSS collected
and analyzed strategic information and conducted wartime covert actions and counterintelligence operations. “I deem this reply a full acceptance of the Potsdam Declaration which specifies the unconditional surrender of Japan” At the end of World War Two the OSS was disbanded, but with the Soviet threat and the Cold War
heating up President Harry Truman soon recognized the need for a new intelligence organization. So in nineteen forty-seven he signed the National Security Act establishing the Central Intelligence Agency as an independent civilian intelligence agency. The CIA was charged with coordinating the
nation’s intelligence activities and correlating, evaluating, and disseminating intelligence deemed critical to national security the act also created a Director of Central Intelligence or DCI to lead both CIA and the US intelligence
community. The DCI also served as the President’s principal adviser on intelligence matters. The role of the DCI changed on December
seventeenth two thousand four “In a few moments i will sign into law the most dramatic reform of our nation’s intelligence capabilities since President Harry S Truman signed the National Security Act of nineteen forty seven. The Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of two thousand and four creates the position of the Director of National Intelligence the DNI. To be appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate the Director will lead a unified intelligence community and will serve as the principle advisor to the President on intelligence matters.” The Director of the Central Intelligence Agency, or DCIA now leads the CIA. The DCIA also manages on behalf of the DNI human intelligence and open-source collection
programs across the US intelligence community although the CIA continues to evolve its main responsibilities have not changed the CIA’s mission today is to collect intelligence perform all source analysis and conduct covert action at the direction
of the president. Yo accomplish this CIA officers work in one of four directorates. The National Clandestine Service, the Directorate of Intelligence, the Directorate
of Science and Technology and the Director of Support. There are also several offices that provide direct support for the DCIA and carry out functions agency wide. While each directorate and office has a unique
mission The agency achieves its overall mission through integration and partnerships. As the nation’s premier human intelligence agency The CIA’s clandestine work is fundamental to our mission. The National Clandestine Service or NCS, is the front line source of clandestine information on critical security issues. From terrorism and weapons proliferation to changes in foreign leadership and military
capability one-way NCS officers collect information is from human sources. This is known as humint. The officers live and work undercover to establish and maintain critical networks of foreign spies. Our NCS officers obtained information that we cannot get from other intelligence sources such as satellite imagery open sources or
intercepted communications they also carry out special covert activities as authorized by the President and they protect classified US activities
and institutions from penetration by hostile foreign organizations and individuals. The Directorate of Intelligence or the DI houses our analysts. The men and women in the DI review and
analyze the intelligence collected by our NCS officers plus information gathered through open sources like foreign media satellite photography and other sophisticated technical
means. They provide timely accurate relevant and objective all source intelligence analysis on a full range of national security and foreign policy issues. Over the years DI analyst have warned
government leaders of impending crises and confrontations and they have identified opportunities and spotted trends. They produced time and time again analysis available nowhere else and they put this vital information in the right hands finished DI analysis is provided to the President, members of congress, senior policymakers. and the military. The members of the Directorate of Science and Technology, the DS&T create innovative technology driven tools
that directly support CIA’s collection specialists and analysts. The DS&T designs develops and builds spyware: the technology and tools our officers need
to succeed in their jobs. Think Q from the James Bond movies. In order to accomplish their mission DS&T offices are experts on subjects ranging from chemistry to computer science to mechanical engineering. DS&T engineers design build and operate
sophisticated intelligence collection systems, conduct surveillance and provide secure communications for CIA assets all over the world. Everyday the DS&T specialist research, develop
6:07 and applied advanced technologies that give the US a technological edge that are adversaries cannot match. The CIA would not be able to complete its mission without the support specialists in our Directorate of Support the DS. It’s these officers who make certain the CIA can deliver on its promise to go
wherever needed whenever needed the DS helps the agency planned for future requirements and provides a full range of services to keep operations running smoothly DS officers build and maintain our facilities they hire, train, protect, and equip our personnel and they provide robust secure communications
anywhere in the world they are our financial experts as well as our doctors and nurses or administrative support our IT specialist and our security officers everyday officers around the agency’s serve
on the front line of america’s defense many operate in places of great danger and discomfort since the c_i_a_ began in nineteen forty seven some of our employees have given the ultimate
sacrifice our memorial wall and headquarters lobby with it’s rows of carved stars commemorates the c_i_a_ employees who have been killed in the line of duty the book of honor encased just below the stars includes the names of those fallen officers
who can be acknowledged publically the service and sacrifice of others must remain secret even in death the memorial stars aren’t inspiration to all
who today carry forward c_i_a_’s a sense of mission every president since truman has relied on the c_i_a_ to deliver intelligence in ways no other organization can president truman had a special admiration
for the agency even in its early years as inscribed below is portrayed in the president’s gallery at c_i_a_ headquarters president truman said to the central intelligence agency under subsidy to the president of the united
states someone who knows to learn more about the c_i_a_ its history its people and its mission visit our website w_w_w_ dot c_ i_ okay dot gov

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